Malnutrition is a state in which a deficiency of energy, protein and other nutrients causes measurable adverse effects on tissue/body form, composition or function.
Adequate nutrition is necessary for normal brain development during pregnancy and infancy, which are crucial periods for the formation of the brain, laying the foundation for the development of cognitive, motor and socio – economic skills through out childhood and adulthood.
Thus, nutritional deficiencies during pregnancy and infancy are likely to affect cognition, behavior and productivity throughout the school years and adulthood.
Survey shows that the first 1000 days between a woman’s pregnancy and Child’s first two years of life is a critical window of opportunity to prevent child malnutrition.
Focusing on this early period for the prevention of nutrient deficiencies, improves brain development and establishes the basis for lifetime brain function.
The nourished child will also interact well with the teachers and the environment, which improves academic achievement and economic productivity.
#UNICEF #ChildMalnutrition #Brain #Nutrients